IELTS Syllabus

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is an English language competence exam for those who do not speak English as their first language but desire to study in another country. The four components of the test include reading, writing, speaking, and listening. The hearing and speaking portions are the same for all, however, the reading and writing sections for the General Training and Academic papers differ. With this blog, we will provide you with a full IELTS curriculum to assist you in your preparation.

IELTS Academic

IELTS Academic is for candidates who want to apply for higher education or professional registration in countries where English is the predominant language of communication. The main purpose of the test is to see if a candidate is ready to start studying or training in English. IELTS is accepted for academic reasons in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, among other nations.

IELTS General

Students who intend to migrate to New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United States, or the United Kingdom, or who want to apply for secondary school, training programmes, or work experience in an English-speaking nation, should take the IELTS General Training exam. This test focuses on a candidate's basic survival skills in a wide range of social and workplace situations.

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40 Questions


30 Minutes


0 - 9
You will listen to four recordings of native English speakers and then respond to a series of questions in writing. Evaluator will look for evidence of your capacity to grasp the significant concepts and specific factual information, the viewpoints and attitudes of speakers, the goal of an utterance, and your ability to follow the evolution of ideas.




16 - 18 Ques


11 - 14 Mins


0 - 9
This section is divided into three parts. The examiner will ask you broad questions about yourself as well as a variety of common themes such as home, family, work, studies, and interests. In the next part, you would be given a card that wants you to discuss a certain issue. The examiner will next ask a series of questions on the same subject.




40 Questions


60 Minutes


0 - 9
The Reading section contains questions designed to assess a variety of reading skills. Reading for gist, reading for major ideas, reading for detail, skimming, comprehending logical argument, and understanding writers' perspectives, attitudes, and intent are examples of these.

Key Highlights about IELTS Syllabus 2022


Number of Questions





4 Recordings 40 Questions

30 Minutes+10 minutes transfer time

Four recorded monologues and conversations

1 mark per question



60 minutes

3 Passages (can be descriptive, analytical, factual or discursive)

1 mark per question



60 minutes

Writing task

(minimum 150 words) Essay (minimum 250 words)

Each task is assessed independently.

The assessment of Task 2 carries more weight in marking than Task 1.



11-14 minutes

3 parts;

Part 1: Q&A

Part 2: Speaking in detail on a familiar topic

Part 3: Structure Discussion


IELTS Section-wise Syllabus

  • Writing syllabus
  • Reading syllabus
  • Listening syllabus
  • Speaking syllabus

IELTS Writing Section

Candidates are required to complete an academic writing programme. Short essays or general reports are written in response to the academic writing module and are aimed at an educated non-specialist audience. There are two obligatory assignments. Candidates are given 150 words to look at a diagram, table, or data and express the information in their own words in Task 1. All applicants are given a point of view, argument, or problem and asked to provide general factual information, present a solution, justify an opinion, analyse ideas and evidence, and so on in Task 2.

  • Total no. of questions: 2
  • Total time: 60 minutes 

IELTS Academic Writing

  • It consists of two exercises on themes that are of wide interest and relevant to individuals seeking undergraduate or postgraduate programmes. 
  • You will be given a piece of paper with a diagram, table, or graph as your first task. You'll have to summarise and define the offered information in your own terms. You may be required to explain a specific data entry, process the information provided, or create a flowchart to arrive at a logical conclusion. 
  • The next job requires you to compose an essay in response to your deduction from the provided data and to back up your claim with appropriate examples based on the provided data. Please keep in mind that the writing style should be formal.

IELTS General Writing

  • It also has two tasks, although they are more simple than those in the academic format. 
  • You will be required to write a letter in response to the given circumstances. Depending on the situation, the letter can be formal, semi-formal, or intimate. You will be asked to explain yourself, make a request, or defend your position to a higher authority. 
  • You will be required to write an essay based on the aforementioned views. The arguments and viewpoints expressed here should be backed up with relevant examples, and the writing style might be rather personal.

IELTS Reading Section

The reading module consists of three general-interest works that address topics relevant to candidates for postgraduate or undergraduate programmes. Both reading modules have three passages or sections with a total of forty questions in each. Multiple-choice, sentence, or summary completion questions, identifying facts for short-answer questions, matching lists or phrases, and recognising writers' views/attitudes are all examples of question kinds.

  • Total no. of questions: About 40
  • Total time: 30 minutes

IELTS Academic Reading

This section has three big paragraphs that can be descriptive, factual, or analytical in nature. These paragraphs are essential extracts from newspapers, research papers, journals, books, and magazines. The texts are appropriate for evaluating higher education applicants or professionals seeking work overseas because they are written for a non-specialist audience.

IELTS General Reading

The extracts can include sections from ads, company rules, brochures, and other sources, similar to the academic format. This is a less difficult format than the academic one because the chosen text is usually something that one sees on a daily basis.

IELTS Listening Section

There are four sections to the Listening module. The first two dialogues are about social needs, whereas the third and fourth are about issues that are more intimately tied to schooling. They'll all last about three minutes. It's possible that the interactions will be monologues or dialogues. These exchanges can only be heard once. Multiple-choice and short-answer questions, note completion, phrase completion, diagram labelling, and other types of questions are asked.

  • Total no. of questions: 40+
  • Total time: 30 minutes

IELTS Academic Listening

The Academic Listening test has four components and takes 30 minutes to complete. It evaluates your capacity to comprehend primary concepts, particular information, speaker perspectives, purpose, and attitudes, as well as your ability to follow the progression of ideas.

IELTS General Listening

The General Training Listening test will evaluate your ability to understand primary ideas, detailed information, speakers' perspectives, purpose, and attitudes, as well as your ability to follow the development of ideas. 

In your General Training Listening test, you will listen to four recordings and answer 40 questions based on them. The first two recordings deal with circumstances that you can encounter on a daily basis. The second two recordings, on the other hand, are about circumstances that can arise in the context of teaching or training.

IELTS Speaking Section

The Speaking part is arranged like an interview, with a focus on general speaking abilities. It determines if candidates possess the necessary knowledge and abilities to converse effectively with native English speakers.

  • Total no. of questions: 3 parts – Personal Interview, Little Speech, and a Discussion
  • Total time: 11 to 14 minutes

Part 1 introduction and interview (4–5 minutes)

You will be asked some basic questions about yourself for the first five minutes, such as about your family, house, studies, hobbies and interests, and so on.

Part 2 long turn (2–3 minutes)

The examiner will next provide you a flashcard with a specific topic on it. You will be given a minute or two to familiarise yourself with the topic before speaking for approximately two minutes on it. Following your speech, the examiner may ask you a few questions about your knowledge of the subject.

Part 3 discussions (5–6 minutes)

Based on the chosen topic and your speech, more in-depth inquiries and abstract conversations will be held. You will have the option to look deeper into the issues surrounding your chosen topic. This segment should last about five to six minutes.

IELTS Academic Speaking

IELTS Speaking is a face-to-face, informal conversation with an IELTS examiner that is the same for Academic and General Training. The test is broken down into three sections and is intended to assess your pronunciation, fluency, grammar, and vocabulary.

IELTS General Speaking


The IELTS General Training Speaking test evaluates your ability to communicate in English. All speaking examinations are done in front of an IELTS examiner and are recorded in case they need to be examined. The General Training Speaking test runs between 11 and 14 minutes and consists of 3 components.


IELTS Exam FAQs for International Students

What is the IELTS test format, and how long does it take?

The IELTS exam can be taken online (Computer Delivered Test) and offline (Paper-Based Test). Both the modes follow the same format. The listening and speaking sections are the same for both academic and general, while the writing and reading sections differ slightly. The total duration given to complete the test is 2 hours and 45 minutes.


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